Definition of Summary
A summary is a shortened version of the original text. The main purpose of such a simplification is to highlight the major points from the original (much longer) subject, e.g. a text, a film or an event. The target is to help the audience get the gist in a short period of time.Written summary: characteristics
--A written summary starts with a lead, including title, author, text type and the main idea of the text.How to write a summary
--It has a clearly arranged structure and is written in a logical, chronological and traceable manner.
--In contrast to a résumé or a review, a summary contains neither interpretation nor rating. Only the opinion of the original writer is reflected – paraphrased with new words without quotations from the text.
--Unlike a retelling, a summary has no dramatic structure and is written in present tense or historic present.
--Because summaries should be significantly shorter than the original, minor facts have to be left out.
--However, all major conclusions should remain. In summaries only indirect speech is used and depictions and direct quotations are avoided.
--Summaries of books or dissertations present the major facts in common scientific language and should be about from a half up to one page long.
--Read the text_____________________________________________________________
--Formulate the main statement
--Reread the text and underline important ideas and arguments according to the main statement
--Introduce the author and title of the work in the opening sentence
--Mention the important facts in chronological order
--Check that your summary reflects the original conclusion, not your own opinion